9.3 Transportation Safety
Great importance is attached to transportation safety within the Bayer safety culture. This applies to the transportation of materials on public transportation routes, particularly in the case of hazardous materials. This includes various processes such as loading and unloading, classification, labeling, packaging and selecting the right logistics partners.
In a dedicated Bayer Group directive, we have defined procedures that ensure all transported materials are handled in line with applicable regulations and the potential hazard they pose. Logistics service providers are selected following a defined procedure, and their fulfillment of safety and quality standards is assessed. Under the directive, people responsible for transportation safety are appointed in every organizational unit concerned. As part of our Responsible Care activities, transportation safety instructions are also drawn up and distribution safety audits performed for nonhazardous materials. We thus go beyond what is required under transportation legislation. Bayer’s objective is to achieve an appropriate and equally high standard of HSEQ HSEQ stands for health, safety, environment and quality. throughout the world and to continuously improve this, particularly regarding to transportation processes. The transportation safety and security management of our subgroups is part of the audit system of the Bayer Group detailed in the Bayer Group Regulation “Health, Safety, Environment and Quality (HSEQ) Audits,” which was updated in 2015.
The subgroups have also set up a network of transportation safety experts and users with practical experience to share and harmonize know-how and procedures for transportation and distribution safety and security including emergency response management and incident reporting. The Transportation Safety Platform acts as a global forum for exchanging information and standardizing procedures between the subgroups. In 2015, the platform focused, for example, on regulations management, training in transportation safety and use of this worldwide, the review of internal process instructions and the evaluation and selection of our logistics service providers.
In total, well over one million transport movements took place in 2015. Despite our extensive safety precautions and training activities, residual risks remain and can result in transport incidents. We classify critical incidents during the transportation of our products as transport incidents. These include accidents that cause personal injury or significant damage to property and environmental impact through the release of substances or leakage of hazardous materials. We record transport incidents using defined criteria. Assessment is based on the spilled load, graded according to the volume and dangerous goods class, personal injury and blocked transportation routes. We take into account both our own chemical transport movements and those we commission and pay third parties to perform on our behalf. We carefully analyze and evaluate all transport incidents so that adequate steps can be taken to prevent a recurrence.
Transport and environmental incidents
reduction of 30% in transport incidents
The number of transport incidents in 2015 was 12, the same as last year. These were mainly traffic accidents.
In recent years most transport incidents occurred at Covestro. For this reason, as a Life Science company Bayer will refrain from continuing with the relevant Group target in the future. Instead, we shall endeavor to minimize the number of such incidents through preventive measures.
Online annex: 3-9.3-1:limited assurance
Transport Incidents by Means of Transport
The number of environmental incidents fell from four to two in 2015. Bayer uses the term “environmental incidents” to define incidents in the course of our business activities that result in the release of substances into the environment. Factors that determine whether there is a reporting obligation include, in particular, the nature and quantity of the substance, the amount of damage caused and any consequences for nearby residents. In accordance with our internal voluntary commitment, we report any leakage of substances with a high hazard potential from a quantity of 100 kg upward.
Online annex: 3-9-3.2limited assurance
Number of Environmental Incidents
In total there were 13 incidents reported in 2015, one of which had to be classified both a transport and an environmental incident. A detailed overview of the transport and environmental incidents can be found in the table below.
Online annex: 3-9.3-3:limited assurance
Environmental and Transport Incidents 20151
Covestro, Illinois, United States, January 15, 2015
At a truck parking lot, approximately 7,600 liters of 36 % hydrochloric acid escaped from a leaky tanker and entered a wastewater pipe, from where it continued in a diluted form into the wastewater treatment system. No injuries or hazards occurred.
Covestro, Hubli, India, January 18, 2015
Approximately 1,200 kg of product (hazardous polyisocyanate) leaked from a truck in a transport incident. Specialist staff ensured expert cleanup and disposal.
Covestro, California, United States, February 7, 2015
A tanker was accidentally overfilled during loading, resulting in around 1,150 liters of TDI (hazardous material) leaking into the collection area of the filling station. No injuries or hazards occurred.
Covestro, Ward Creek, United States, May 31, 2015
In an accident, an overturned truck tractor lost 1,500 liters of MDI, which spilled onto the road and into the surrounding area. This accident was also classified as an environmental incident. The product was cleaned up in a professional manner. No injuries occurred.
Covestro, Helsinki, Finland, June 4, 2015
An IBC2 was damaged in a vehicle transport incident at site belonging to the postal service. An unquantified amount (maximum capacity of the IBC 1,000 kg) of Bayhydrol escaped. 24 people were endangered by the product leak, 12 of whom underwent hospital examinations as a precaution and were discharged the same day. The product was cleaned up and disposed of in a professional manner.
Covestro, Budapest / Sibiu, Hungary, June 8, 2015
The driver of a tanker was killed in a traffic accident. No product was spilled.
Covestro, Antwerp, Belgium, August 18, 2015
Due to incorrect operation during transfer between a tank container and a flexitank, the flexitank burst and lost approximately 6,000 kg of Desmophen (not a hazardous material). No injuries or hazards occurred.
Covestro, Dormagen, Germany, September 3, 2015
During unloading, around 150 liters of nitric acid (hazardous material) were accidentally spilled. An employee who came into contact with the acid was treated at a hospital as a precaution and was then able to resume work. An investigation into the impact on the environment was initiated.
Covestro, Laredo, United States, September 28, 2015
A forklift truck pierced a drum filled with Desmodur (TDI). 150 kg of the product spilled onto the loading ramp. The product was cleaned up and disposed of in a professional manner.
Covestro, Seelze, Germany, September 30, 2015
Approximately 100 liters of 30 % hydrochloric acid escaped from a leaky rail tank car. No injuries or hazards occurred. An investigation into the incident was initiated.
Covestro, Cologne, Germany, October 28, 2015
While a truck was being loaded, a forklift truck accidentally pierced a drum filled with Desmodur I (hazardous material). 150 liters of the product spilled onto the floor of the warehouse and were cleaned up and disposed of in a professional manner. No personal injury or environmental damage occurred.
Covestro, Martinsburg, United States, December 9, 2015
A truck driver noticed a leak in his tanker. This was caused by a leaky drum filled with Desmodur. The fire department was notified and cleaned up the spilled liquid on the road surface using binding agent. The remaining product was transferred to a new drum.
Covestro, Charleston, United States, December 16, 2015
Almost 1,900 liters of a polyalcohol spilled from a tanker truck in a traffic accident. The fire department sealed up the spillage, thus preventing release into the environment. The driver of the truck was injured in the accident and treated at a hospital.
1 Standard practice at Bayer is to record every fatality reported to us relating to our business activities. A difference between the number of fatalities in Table 3.9.1 (occupational injuries) and Table 3.9.2-3 may occur because for occupational injuries, by definition, we indicate only fatalities of Bayer and contractor employees who were under immediate Bayer supervision.
2 IBC (intermediate bulk container)
The following incident was recorded and analyzed, but is not classed as an environmental or transport incident according to Bayer criteria.
Further Incidents Not Considered Environmental or Transport Incidents under Bayer Criteria
CropScience, Muskegon, United States, October 5, 2015
Small quantity of product entered the municipal wastewater system
At the Muskegon site, a small quantity of product entered the municipal wastewater system. The local community complained about the odor this caused. The responsible authorities were notified as a precaution. There were no hazards. Due to the low quantity, the incident is not classified as an environmental incident.